Spring Boot Microservices — Part5— OpenFeign

In this example, I will show you how to make the use of OpenFeign library to make the inter service communication calls.

invenory-service

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
>
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>2.6.7</version>
<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>
<groupId>com.example</groupId>
<artifactId>inventory-service</artifactId>
<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
<name>inventory-service</name>
<description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

<properties>
<java.version>11</java.version>
<spring-cloud.version>2021.0.2</spring-cloud.version>
</properties>


<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-config</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-bus-amqp</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>mysql</groupId>
<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
<scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
<optional>true</optional>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>

<dependencyManagement>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
<version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
<type>pom</type>
<scope>import</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
<configuration>
<excludes>
<exclude>
<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
</exclude>
</excludes>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
</project>

Inventory.java

package com.example.model;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Getter;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Setter;

import javax.persistence.*;

@Entity
@Table(name = "inventory")
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
@Getter
@Setter
public class Inventory {
@Id
@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
private Long id;
private String skuCode;
private Integer stock;
}

InventoryController.java

package com.example.controller;

import com.example.model.Inventory;
import com.example.repository.InventoryRepository;
import lombok.RequiredArgsConstructor;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.util.Optional;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/api/inventory")
@RequiredArgsConstructor
@Slf4j
public class InventoryController {
private final InventoryRepository inventoryRepository;

@GetMapping("/{skuCode}")
public Boolean isInStock(@PathVariable("skuCode") String skuCode) {
log.info("Checking stock for product with skucode - " + skuCode);

Optional<Inventory> optionalInventory = inventoryRepository.findBySkuCode(skuCode);
if(!optionalInventory.isPresent()){
new RuntimeException("Cannot Find Product by sku code " + skuCode);
}
return optionalInventory.get().getStock() > 0;
}
}

MainApp.java

package com.example;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaClient
public class InventoryServiceApplication {

public static void main(String[] args) {
SpringApplication.run(InventoryServiceApplication.class, args);
}
}

application.properties

#MySQL DB
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password
=password

# Need to look at the ways to

spring.application.name=inventory-service
server.port
=0
eureka.instance.instance-id
=${spring.application.name}:${random.uuid}
#spring.config.import=optional:configserver:http://localhost:8888?fail-fast=true&max-attempts=10&max-interval=1500
spring.config.import=optional:configserver:http://localhost:8888?fail-fast=true&max-attempts=10&max-interval=1500&vault://secret/order-service

management.endpoints.web.exposure.include
=*

#RabbitMQ
spring.rabbitmq.host=localhost
spring.rabbitmq.port
=5672
spring.rabbitmq.username
=guest
spring.rabbitmq.password
=guest

db.sql

CRAETE DATABASE `inventory-service`.`inventory`;CREATE TABLE `inventory-service`.`inventory` (
`id` bigint NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
`sku_code` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
`stock` int DEFAULT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
);
INSERT INTO `inventory-service`.`inventory` (`id`, `sku_code`, `stock`) VALUES ('1', 'IPHONE_12_RED', '100');
INSERT INTO `inventory-service`.`inventory` (`id`, `sku_code`, `stock`) VALUES ('2', 'IPHONE_12_GREY', '0');

api-gateway-service

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
>
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>2.6.7</version>
<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>
<groupId>com.example</groupId>
<artifactId>api-gateway-service</artifactId>
<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
<name>api-gateway-service</name>
<description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>
<properties>
<java.version>11</java.version>
<spring-cloud.version>2021.0.2</spring-cloud.version>
</properties>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-gateway</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<dependencyManagement>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
<version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
<type>pom</type>
<scope>import</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>

</project>

application.properties

spring.application.name=api-gateway
spring.cloud.gateway.discovery.locator.enabled
=true
spring.cloud.gateway.discovery.locator.lower-case-service-id
=true

eureka.instance.instance-id
=${spring.application.name}-${random.uuid}
spring.cloud.loadbalancer.ribbon.enabled
=false

spring.cloud.gateway.routes[0].id
=product-service
spring.cloud.gateway.routes[0].uri
=lb://product-service
spring.cloud.gateway.routes[0].predicates[0]
=Path=/api/product

spring.cloud.gateway.routes[1].id
=order-service
spring.cloud.gateway.routes[1].uri
=lb://order-service
spring.cloud.gateway.routes[1].predicates[0]
=Path=/api/order

MainApp.java

package com.example;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaClient
public class ApiGatewayServiceApplication {

public static void main(String[] args) {
SpringApplication.run(ApiGatewayServiceApplication.class, args);
}
}

order-service

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
>
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>2.6.7</version>
<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>
<groupId>com.example</groupId>
<artifactId>order-service</artifactId>
<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
<name>order-service</name>
<description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

<properties>
<java.version>11</java.version>
<spring-cloud.version>2021.0.2</spring-cloud.version>
</properties>


<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-config</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-bus-amqp</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-openfeign</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-circuitbreaker-resilience4j</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>mysql</groupId>
<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
<scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
<optional>true</optional>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>

<dependencyManagement>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
<version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
<type>pom</type>
<scope>import</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
<configuration>
<excludes>
<exclude>
<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
</exclude>
</excludes>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>

</project>

InventoryClient.java

package com.example.client;

import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.FeignClient;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;

@FeignClient(name = "inventory-service")
public interface InventoryClient {
@GetMapping("/api/inventory/{skuCode}")
Boolean checkStock(@PathVariable String skuCode);
}

OrderController.java

package com.example.controller;

import com.example.client.InventoryClient;
import com.example.dto.OrderDto;
import com.example.model.Order;
import com.example.repository.OrderRepository;
import lombok.RequiredArgsConstructor;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.cloud.circuitbreaker.resilience4j.Resilience4JCircuitBreakerFactory;
import org.springframework.cloud.stream.function.StreamBridge;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.util.UUID;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/api/order")
@RequiredArgsConstructor
@Slf4j
public class OrderController {
private final OrderRepository orderRepository;
private final InventoryClient inventoryClient;
// private final Resilience4JCircuitBreakerFactory circuitBreakerFactory;
// private final StreamBridge streamBridge;
// private final ExecutorService traceableExecutorService;

@PostMapping
public String placeOrder(@RequestBody OrderDto orderDto) {
boolean isProductInStock = orderDto.getOrderLineItemsList()
.stream()
.allMatch(orderLineItems -> inventoryClient.checkStock(orderLineItems.getSkuCode()));

if (isProductInStock) {
Order order = new Order();
order.setOrderLineItems(orderDto.getOrderLineItemsList());
order.setOrderNumber(UUID.randomUUID().toString());

orderRepository.save(order);
return "Order Placed Successfull!";
}else{
return "Order Failed !, One of the products in the order is not in the stock!";
}
}

}

OrderDto.java

package com.example.dto;

import com.example.model.OrderLineItems;
import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Builder;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

import java.util.List;

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
@Builder
public class OrderDto {
private List<OrderLineItems> orderLineItemsList;
}

Order.java

package com.example.model;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Getter;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Setter;

import javax.persistence.*;
import java.util.List;

@Entity
@Table(name = "t_orders")
@Getter
@Setter
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Order {
@Id
@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
private Long id;
private String orderNumber;
@OneToMany(cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
private List<OrderLineItems> orderLineItems;
}

OrderLineItems.java

package com.example.model;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Getter;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Setter;

import javax.persistence.*;
import java.math.BigDecimal;

@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
@Getter
@Setter
@Entity
@Table(name = "order_line_items")
public class OrderLineItems {
@Id
@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
private Long id;
private String skuCode;
private BigDecimal price;
private Integer quantity;
}

OrderRepository.java

package com.example.repository;

import com.example.model.Order;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;

public interface OrderRepository extends JpaRepository<Order, Long> {
}

MainApp.java

package com.example;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.EnableFeignClients;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaClient
@EnableFeignClients
public class OrderServiceApplication {

public static void main(String[] args) {
SpringApplication.run(OrderServiceApplication.class, args);
}

}

application.properties

#MySQL DB
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password
=password

# Need to look at the ways to

spring.application.name=order-service
server.port
=0
eureka.instance.instance-id
=${spring.application.name}:${random.uuid}
#spring.config.import=optional:configserver:http://localhost:8888?fail-fast=true&max-attempts=10&max-interval=1500
spring.config.import=optional:configserver:http://localhost:8888?fail-fast=true&max-attempts=10&max-interval=1500&vault://secret/order-service

management.endpoints.web.exposure.include
=*

#RabbitMQ
spring.rabbitmq.host=localhost
spring.rabbitmq.port
=5672
spring.rabbitmq.username
=guest
spring.rabbitmq.password
=guest

GET- http://localhost:8080/api/order, since DB has 0 in the stock

GET — http://localhost:8080/api/order

--

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